The appearance of nonequilibrium 1/f noise and its dependence on bias have been associated with changes in the distribution of activation energies
in the underlying energy landscape. These changes have been correlated with bias induced changes in the intrinsic tunneling mechanism dominating dissipation in La0.82Ca0.18MnO3 at low temperatures. (C) 2011 American Institute JIB-04 inhibitor of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3567936]“
“The main purpose of this study was producing conductive wool fabric applying carbon nanotubes. Raw and oxidized wool samples were treated with carbon nanotubes in the impregnating bath in the presence of citric acid as a crosslinking agent and sodium hypophosphite as a catalyst while sonicating them in the ultrasonic bath. Electrical resistance, washing durability, and color variation of treated samples were assessed. Through MEK162 SEM images, the surface morphology of treated samples was studied confirming the surface coating through carbon nanotubes. According to the results, the electrical resistance of treated wool with carbon nanotubes reduced substantially. However, the single-walled carbon nanotubes are more useful to increase the conductivity. In addition, the
wool color changed into gray after the treatment. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 121: 3353-3358, 2011″
“Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the usefulness of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for estimating pulmonary blood volume (PBV) and the variation in PBV throughout the cardiac cycle in experimental heart failure.
Materials and Methods: The animal care committee approved this prospective study. Seven pigs were studied before and after myocardial infarction. PBV measurement
was validated in a phantom and calculated as the product of cardiac output determined with velocity-encoded Anlotinib cell line MR imaging and the pulmonary transit time for an intravenous bolus of contrast material to pass through the pulmonary circulation. The difference in arterial and venous pulmonary flow during the cardiac cycle was integrated for calculation of the PBV variation (expressed as percentage of stroke volume). Differences were evaluated with the Wilcoxon test.
Results: Calculated and direct phantom measurements of PBV differed by a mean of 4% +/- 3 (standard deviation) (R(2) = 0.97, P < .001). Infarction induced a decrease in left ventricular stroke volume (44 mL +/- 6 vs 27 mL +/- 7; P = .02), ejection fraction (55% +/- 5 vs 41% +/- 4; P = .02), and PBV variation (61% +/- 12 vs 43% +/- 15; P = .04) but not PBV (225 mL +/- 23 vs 211 mL +/- 42; P = .50). The mean pulmonary artery pressure increased after infarction (19 mm Hg +/- 6 vs 27 mm Hg +/- 4; P =.04).
Conclusion: Following infarction, the PBV variation but not PBV decreased. PBV variation was the noninvasive measure exhibiting the greatest percentage of change following infarction.