Table 2 The relation between the initial methadone dosage and comorbid physical and psychiatric disorders According to our findings, there were newsletter subscribe not any significant relations between the required methadone dose in the first 10 days and sex, age, education, source of income, the distance between the living place and the clinic, and the living situation. There was a negative correlation between marital status and employment with the dose of methadone in the first 10 days of treatment, i.e. those who were married or had a full-time job needed lower doses of methadone. Moreover, while heroin had a positive correlation with methadone dosage, opium abuse and methadone usage were not significantly related. In addition, the way of abuse did not have a significant relation with methadone dose.
Although simultaneous use of the drug with alcohol, benzodiazepines, tramadol, anticholinergic, and cannabis, led to the need for higher doses of methadone, the only significant increase in required dose of methadone was observed in case of antiparkinsonian anticholinergics (Table 1). There was a significant correlation between experiences of risky behaviors, such as injection and being in prison, and the required dose of methadone. However, no significant relations could be found between the dose of methadone and having more than 10 sex partners and HIV, HCV, and HBV infections (Table 1). The ordinary multivariable logistic regression model of factors affecting the initial methadone dosage is seen in table 3.
Table 3 Ordinary multivariable logistic regression model of factors affecting the initial methadone dosage Discussion In this study, participants were divided into 3 groups based on the initial dose of methadone. The first group (less than 30 mg) included 17 subjects, while the second (between 30 to 50 mg) and thirds (more than 50 mg) groups included 90 and 50 participants, respectively. In the first group, while opium and cigarette consumption were the most frequent, heroin and opium inhalation and eating, along with using alcohol, cannabis, tramadol, anticholinergic, and benzodiazepine were the least frequent. Among all groups, the second group had the highest percentile of opium use, and lowest percentage of injection, cigarette smoking, history of imprisonment, and infection to HIV, HCV or HBV.
Although the third group had the highest frequency of using heroin, alcohol, cannabis, anticholinergics, benzodiazepine, and tramadol, the differences were only significant in case of heroin (P = 0.008) and anticholinergics (P = 0.0001). Members of the third group also had the highest rate of inhalation, consumption, injection, and imprisonment, and the lowest rate Brefeldin_A of smoking, opium use, and having more than 10 sex partners. Like Behdani et al.,12 we found a significant difference between the proportion of men and women since women do not tend to attend clinics for treatment.