In addition to these non-covalent interactions, O-H center dot center dot center dot O(water) and pi-pi stacking interactions are also observed in 2. The formation of complex salts of definite composition with tetrafluoroborate and hexafluorophosphate ions suggest that [Co(phen)(2)CO3](+) may be used as binding agent for weakly coordinating fluoroanions i.e. BF4- and PF6-. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“OBJECTIVE. To develop and validate a partially automated algorithm to identify surgical site infections (SSIs) using commonly available electronic selleck chemicals data
to reduce manual chart review.\n\nDESIGN. Retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing specific surgical procedures over a 4-year period from 2007 through 2010 (algorithm development cohort) or over a 3-month period from January 2011 through March 2011 (algorithm validation cohort).\n\nSETTING. A single academic safety-net hospital in a major metropolitan area.\n\nPATIENTS. Patients undergoing at least 1 included surgical procedure during the study period.\n\nMETHODS. Procedures were identified in the National Healthcare Safety Network; SSIs were identified by manual chart review. Commonly available electronic
data, including microbiologic, laboratory, and administrative data, were identified via a clinical data warehouse. Algorithms using combinations of these electronic variables were constructed and assessed for their ability to identify SSIs and reduce ATM Kinase Inhibitor DNA Damage inhibitor chart review.\n\nRESULTS. The most efficient algorithm identified in the development cohort combined microbiologic Akt inhibitor data with postoperative procedure and diagnosis codes. This algorithm resulted in 100% sensitivity and 85% specificity. Time savings from the algorithm was almost 600 person-hours
of chart review. The algorithm demonstrated similar sensitivity on application to the validation cohort.\n\nCONCLUSIONS. A partially automated algorithm to identify potential SSIs was highly sensitive and dramatically reduced the amount of manual chart review required of infection control personnel during SSI surveillance.”
“Different field isolates of the ‘beet poleroviruses’ Beet mild yellowing virus (BMYV) and Beet chlorosis virus (BChV) (genus Polerovirus, family Luteoviridae) collected in France and Poland were evaluated for transmissibility from and to sugar beet plants by different aphid species. In general, both BMYV and BChV were efficiently transmitted by Myzus persicae and by a French clone of Macrosiphum euphorbiae. In contrast, transmissibility of the two poleroviruses by an English clone of M. euphorbiae was evidently weaker, although the aphid samples contained the virus as demonstrated by RT-PCR. None of the BMYV or BChV isolates was transmitted by Aphis fabae or Myzus ascalonicus. In attempting to correlate biological properties with molecular variations, the RT proteins were sequenced.