These quantitative findings, informed by qualitative interviews [

These quantitative findings, informed by qualitative interviews [3] and [4] and the TPB [10] and [11], have important implications for addressing uptake of both the second MMR and dTaP/IPV. As intention to immunise was most strongly influenced by parents’ attitudes, future interventions should target the beliefs that underpin this important TPB component. For example, campaigns could explain how immunisation works to stop the spread of disease, with emphasis on eradicating the diseases from the country. Whilst it may be argued that

current Department of Health information addresses this adequately, parents did not refer to Government- or NHS-based information and most reported that they had based this understanding on their own knowledge and experiences. Moreover, the findings of the present study and the qualitative interviews suggest that parents do view immunisation as a social responsibility. Whilst such interventions may not alter the beliefs of those parents who do not want to immunise their children, they may sway those

parents who are uncertain in their decision. Indeed, in America, receipt PI3K Inhibitor Library high throughput of appropriate information has been found to enhance parents’ knowledge and acceptance of childhood immunisations [35]. Efforts are also needed to address external barriers to preschool vaccination. For example, any efforts to improve uptake of dTaP/IPV will need to examine the role of sociodemographic factors more clearly. For MMR, interventions should increase parents’ perceptions of behavioural control. For example, beliefs relating to aspects of the immunisation service (e.g. receipt of adequate information about vaccination) were particularly salient for MMR. It is clear, therefore, that general practices will need to address potential areas of dissatisfaction in order to increase MycoClean Mycoplasma Removal Kit coverage and improve the overall experience of taking a child for vaccinations. Both the present research and previous work [6] have found that parents typically have little or no contact with healthcare

professionals about preschool doses and that information is not routinely sent prior to their invitation to attend. This study compared parents’ intentions to immunise preschoolers with either the second MMR or dTaP/IPV. Although there was no difference in parents’ immunisation intentions or in their scores on the other TPB components, significant predictors of intention differed. Furthermore, examination of the beliefs underlying these predictors revealed that there were differences in the extent to which these beliefs, generated from qualitative interviews with parents, were related to parents’ intentions. Efforts are now needed to address the factors that influence uptake of both vaccinations, particularly as they are normally given at the same appointment and so concerns about one are likely to influence uptake of the other.

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